To prevent killing young male chickens, we require more feasible solutions – German agri-economist

Each year, very nearly 45 million young chickens that are male killed in Germany. Their eggs are unsuitable when it comes to market. New procedures for sex recognition should make sure they’re not also bred. David Tedevosian/ Shutterstock

The managing director of the egg breeding company Seleggt Gmbh, spoke about Germany’s recent decision to allow the mass killings of young male chickens and how his company’s Seleggt process could be used as a bridging technology until more commercially viable methods are found in an interview with EURACTIV Germany, Dr Ludger Breloh.

Dr Ludger Breloh, an agricultural economist, is the handling director of Seleggt GmbH, a part of this Rewe Group. Seleggt GmbH, in cooperation with all the University of Leipzig, is promoting the initial method that is operational very very early sex recognition in hen eggs.

The sex of a young chicken can be determined in the egg with the Seleggt method. How can this work?

Our technique is most beneficial referred to as a hormonal, meaning a method that is hormone-based. We know already that gender-specific hormones, such as for example oestrone sulphate, are usually contained in the non-incubated egg and generally are just created when you look at the feminine egg.

To work on this, you have to wait about nine times through to the hormones are available in the egg in adequate volume. Then we draw out a small drop of fluid through the egg, which we mix by having a marker that is biochemical.

This then shows, having a color change, perhaps the sulphate that is oestrone current. Feminine eggs are then gone back to the incubator and hatched, while male eggs are prepared into animal feed.

Thus far, nonetheless, gender determination is not considered prepared for serial manufacturing, and just a few supermarkets provide these eggs. Exactly why is that?< /p>

Within the last few 2 yrs, we now have made progress that is incredible refining our technology. We are able to now analyse around 3,000 eggs each hour, per device.

Nonetheless, the method has just been found in our in-house hatchery up to now. Our birds lay so-called Respeggt eggs, that are currently offered in about 380 supermarkets in the greater Berlin area today. The truth that these eggs just occur here, for the present time, is simply because the number of laying hens remains workable.

Since February, nonetheless, we’ve been breeding on a bigger scale, with about 20,000-30,000 young chickens that are female every week. The first generation will be old enough to lay their own eggs by the end of July. There after, I will be seeing a number that is increasing of eggs available on the market. The Rewe Group has set it self the purpose of attempting to sell these eggs in most its German branches by the conclusion regarding the 12 months.

Beginning the following year, we shall then provide and work out our technology open to hatcheries. To start with, this is carried out in a cost-neutral means.

Respeggt eggs will, consequently, be slowly in the marketplace.

Cost-neutral could possibly imply that you first need certainly to make an advance re payment. Exactly why is that the situation?

Our business structure is made from supermarkets spending us a licence charge – but only once the very first eggs are obtainable in supermarkets. We now have create a Respeggt logo design to exhibit the client that the eggs were produced without killing young birds.

That is a definite added value as supermarkets can make this marketable then. Just then, will they spend us a licence cost because we made the hatching eggs offered by the beginning of the supply string.

The client, consequently, would additionally help alleviate problems with young birds from being slaughtered considering that the price of eggs will likely to be somewhat increased.

Any kind of other means of the detection that is early of being developed?

Yes, other methods are increasingly being researched in eight or nine facilities global, including in Canada and Australia, but additionally into the universities of Munich and Dresden. We cannot say more about these processes, as their development obviously occurs in today’s world.

In every full situation, I would personally welcome it if other procedures had been made in the marketplace. I’m not just worried about your competitors, but in addition in regards to the problem of killing young birds.

To tell the truth, running the complete sector with an individual technology will be a severe challenge.

Is since your reach continues to be too little?

Yes. We expect you’ll raise about 1.5 million young birds in our hatchery this current year – that is merely a fall into the ocean if you think about that a complete of 45 million young male chickens are now being gassed or shredded each year.

Which means we’re going to require a deal that is great time before reaching such high volumes. Just then will we have the ability to talk about a paradigm change. Rome wasn’t built per day.

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As soon as the Seleggt technology ended up being established, it absolutely was labelled being a bridging technology until other solutions had been discovered. Another one of the may be the use that is dual of. Could that end up being the future of chicken agriculture?

The actual fact because we have been breeding two types of highly optimised, extremely productive chickens for decades: laying hens and broiler chickens that we even kill millions of young chickens at all is only.

This is basically the way that is only can create inexpensive eggs and chicken meat. The rational objective, needless to say, should be to reproduce hens which have an excellent laying performance, while their brothers have high fattening performance. That feels like a jack-of-all-trades kind of unit and that’s just what it is.

Being an agricultural scientist having a PhD in farming, i could let you know that we now have complementary properties that rule out of the possibility that the hen can both lay eggs productively, while additionally building muscle that is sufficient. Either one or even the other.

Nonetheless, i really hope that the reproduction businesses continue steadily to work intensively with this issue to ensure that we now are mail order brides legal? have an economically viable solution for dual-use chickens.

Gender dedication methods are only a short-term solution and it might truly become more sustainable and in every of our passions whenever we could place an end for this killing of young birds.

Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic

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